We are all know that Google ecosystem has promoted android mobile manufacturers to introduce new devices with different screen sizes, user interface, and different processors; which indeed has become a nightmare for the app developers to customize their apps in order to satisfy their users.
Reducing their burden to some extent, there exist different Android testing platforms or frameworks which possess unique features on their own.
Robotium is an Android test automation framework that has full support for native and hybrid applications.
Robotium makes it easy to write powerful and robust automatic black-box UI tests for Android applications. With the support of Robotium, test case developers can write function, system and user acceptance test scenarios, spanning multiple Android activities.
Espresso tests run optimally fast! It lets you leave your waits, syncs, sleeps, and polls behind while it manipulates and asserts on the application UI when it is at rest. The core API is small, predictable, and easy to learn and yet remains open for customization.
Espresso is targeted at developers, who believe that automated testing is an integral part of the development lifecycle. While it can be used for black-box testing, Espresso’s full power is unlocked by those who are familiar with the codebase under test.
The UIAutomator tool provides a convenient visual interface to inspect the layout hierarchy and view the properties of UI components that are visible on the foreground of the device. This information lets you create more fine-grained tests using UI Automator. For example, you can create a UI selector that matches a specific visible property.
The monkeyrunner tool provides an API for writing programs that control an Android device or emulator from outside of Android code. With monkeyrunner, you can write a Python program that installs an Android application or test package, runs it, sends keystrokes to it, takes screenshots of its user interface, and stores screenshots on the workstation.
The monkeyrunner tool is primarily designed to test applications and devices at the functional/framework level and for running unit test suites, but you are free to use it for other purposes.
Calabash is an automated testing technology for Android and iOS native and hybrid applications.
Calabash is a free-to-use open source project that is developed and maintained by Xamarin. While Calabash is completely free, Xamarin provides a number of commercial services centered around Calabash and quality assurance for mobile, namely Xamarin Test Cloud consisting of hosted test-execution environments which let you execute Calabash tests on a large number of Android and iOS devices.
For more information about the Xamarin Test Cloud visit http://xamarin.com/test-cloud.
Appium is an open source, cross-platform test automation tool for native, hybrid and mobile web apps, tested on simulators (iOS), emulators (Android), and real devices (iOS, Android, Windows).
Investing in the WebDriver protocol means you are betting on a single, free and open protocol for testing that has become a defacto standard. Don’t lock yourself into a proprietary stack.
Ranorex is a GUI test automation framework for testing of desktop, web-based and mobile applications. Ranorex is provided by Ranorex GmbH, a software development company for innovative software test automation solutions. Ranorex does not have a scripting language of its own, instead using standard programming languages such as C# and VB.NET as a base.
A commercial product which allows for continuous development and testing that helps the users to test android apps on a large scale of smartphones with automation tests. Testdroid technology has helped hundreds of top-tier mobile app, mobile game and mobile web companies to build better products, increase their market ratings, and the most importanly, build products that generate them the revenue.
Another test automation framework which users plug, record and play control. Code extension can be done with integrative tools and the same script can run on different devices. SeeTest also supports the testing of responsive websites and User Interface.
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When testing mobile apps in the crowd, you never know what exactly was done and if there was a problem, what exactly went wrong on the client side. TestFairy solves this problem by providing you a video of the exact test that was done, including CPU, Memory, GPS, Network and a lot more.
Although there are lots of tools, development is still a complicated task to perform and tests automation should be done after intense researches. Studying the available and popular platform in prior could avoid the time being spent on experimenting unnecessarily. Every framework has their own unique functions; hence, it is advisable to be comfortable with few testing platforms.