Savings is an important part of life and should not be ignored by anyone irrespective of what he/she is earning. It is not just possible to avoid some investment risk. However, managing your portfolio and Cash Flow wisely can help reduce such risks. This will also ensure financial future security.
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8 vital steps to reduce investment portfolio related risks
1. Maintain liquidity:
No one can predict financial emergency as it might occur anytime. You may have invested in some place that offers high interest but requires lengthy lock-in period. Taking out that amount might be impossible or you could lose the interest or simply pay hefty fines. Hence, to reduce such risks, you need to maintain sufficient amount of liquidity. Your portfolio should include few liquid assets to allow other investments to offer long-term results.
2. Risk tolerance capacity:
Whatever be your risk tolerance ability, Asset protection is of paramount importance. Risk tolerance is likely to vary between people. Risk factors to consider are financial status, dependents, age etc. To derive high returns, you need to identify your risk capacity and invest accordingly. Do not overdo it at any time just to gain more income!
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3. Diversify investment:
As you combine asset classes based on your investment goals, try to diversify them. It helps reduce investment risks. Moreover, investment diversification within same class of assets divides risks that are otherwise experienced among multiple investments. If stock market and mutual funds interests you, it is necessary to diversify the investment among small cap, mid cap and large cap funds. In case of low generating funds, loss will be limited only to this investment and not affect other assets.
4. Asset allocation:
It involves making investments in diversified asset classes with the objective to reduce risks and to gain higher returns. The other type of asset classes comprises of real estate, gold, mutual funds, debt, equity, etc. You may combine inversely correlated asset classes like debt, equity, gold, etc. In case equity stock underperforms, returns are balanced by gold stock by over-performing or simply vice-versa. It ensures Asset protection.
5. Timing the market:
There are times when the stock market becomes very volatile and fluctuates sharply. This prompts most investors to buy certain stocks without thinking much about the consequences. They even fail to check its past performance, thus increasing their risks of losses. Instead of timing the market, you need to consider holding your stocks for a long time. Your portfolio is unlikely to be affected much with small fluctuations.
6. Diversification across sectors:
Every market sector can be noticed to be in a diverse phase. Some sectors might offer optimal returns and be quite risky while other sectors could offer higher returns and also involve low risks. Diversifying investments across multiple sectors will help derive options to enjoy better returns.
7. Monitor investments:
As an investor, it is necessary to come up with long-term plans. At the same time, you need to know what is currently happening with your investments. Be alert and review portfolio performance periodically, say every six month or annually. This again depends on the amount of investments your portfolio diversification. It also ensures smooth Cash Flow and involves fewer risks.
8. Index funds:
It should be part of your portfolio as it helps reduce risks. Although they are a bit expensive, you can expect better performance when compared to other funds. They involve lower expense ratios and offer good returns unlike other active funds.
You need to have a diversified investment portfolio to reduce risks. If you lack knowledge or not feeling confident, you should take help of the experienced, certified fund managers