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What are the Five Characteristics of Emotional Intelligence in Leadership

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You may perhaps be interested to know the Five characteristics of emotional intelligence. The perfect leader is one who is in full control of his/her temper in all types of situations. The leader will trust his/her staff, be easily accessible, listen to what the team has to say & make well-informed decisions. Such qualities are considered to be part of emotional intelligence (EI).

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About emotional intelligence

The ability to manage & understand emotions, both own as well as that of others around is referred to as EI. People with high EI are likely to know their feeling, the meaning of their emotions & how it may affect others. It is crucial for success for any leader.

What are the five characteristics of emotional intelligence?

An American psychologist, Daniel Goleman helped spread awareness about emotional intelligence. He came up with 5 characteristics, which are given below. To be a successful leader, you need to manage each area and acquire higher EI.

1. Self-regulation:

Successful leaders are those who do not make emotional or rushed decisions. They do not compromise their values or are of stereotype. They are always in full control of their actions & emotions. This particular element also covers commitment & flexibility. You can enhance your self-regulation abilities by knowing your values, being accountable & practice being calm. It ensures that you make fair decisions & be ready to accept all types of challenges as it comes.

2. Self-awareness


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Being self-aware of the happenings around you can help you a lot. You can know how your actions & emotions affect others around you. As a leader, being self-aware will help you to identify your weaknesses & strengths. It also means being humble with others. With some tips, you can improve your self-awareness skills. You need to maintain a journal to write down all thoughts that come to your mind. Slow down if you experience strong emotions or anger to ponder why. You need to control your emotions & know when, how & on what to react.

3. Social skills:

This is one of the important five characteristics of emotional intelligence. Leaders with excellent social skills are amazing communicators & are open to both good & bad news. They get the full support of their team on being assigned any new project or task. Such leaders can manage change as well as resolve all types of conflicts diplomatically. They are not easy to be satisfied and also do not leave work for others. Rather, they lead the way & set examples. You can learn such skills by enhancing communication skills, learning conflict resolution, knowing how & when to praise others.

4. Empathy

empathy skills

This is crucial to managing any organization or a successful team. Such leaders will be able to understand other’s situations. They can help other team members to improve, provide constructive feedback, challenge those acting unfairly & give a fair listening. This way, such leaders can earn the loyalty & respect of their team. You can improve empathy skills by responding to others’ feelings, check out body language & try to understand other’s situations.

Also Read: Business Leadership Qualities You Need to Succeed

5. Motivation

Self-motivated leaders are those who work tirelessly to reach their set goals. They also maintain a very high-quality standard at work. You can stay motivated all the time by getting to know your current position. You also need to identify something good & be hopeful, re-evaluate the need to undertake the task.

Leaders need to have a better & in-depth understanding of their actions & emotions. To be effective in the workplace, you need to know how your actions & emotions affect your team members. By imbibing the Five characteristics of emotional intelligence, you can become a successful leader.

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