In running a business or an enterprise, numerous types of decision making arise. It is important to distinguish these. They will guide you towards sober and informed decisions. These are some of the types of decision making that will arise.
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1: Tactical decisions
Tactical decisions are those which a manager makes over and over again adhering to certain established rules, policies, and procedures. They are repetitive and related to general functioning. Authority for taking tactical decisions is usually delegated to lower levels in the organization.
2: Strategic decisions
Statistical decisions on the other hand are relatively more difficult. They influence the future of the business and involve the entire organization. Decisions about the objective of the business, capital expenditure, plant layout, production etc., are examples of strategic decisions.
3: Basic decisions
Basic decisions are those which require a good deal of deliberation and are of crucial importance. These decisions require the formulation of new norms through a deliberate thought-provoking process. Examples of basic decisions are plant location, product diversification, selecting channels of distribution, etc. Routine decisions are repetitive and hence, require relatively little consideration. It may be seen that basic decisions generally relate to strategic aspects, while routine decisions are related to tactical aspects of an organization. These types of decision making are vital in the smooth running of the firm. You should always make sure you put much effort into these vital decisions.
4: Organizational decisions
Organizational decisions are those which an executive takes in his official capacity and which can be delegated to others.
5: Personal Decisions
On the other hand, personal decisions are those which an executive takes in his capacity but not as a member of the organization.
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6: Policy decisions
Policy decisions are those which are taken by top management and which are fundamentally affecting the entire business. These types of decision making are important in the setting of the company’s path.
7: Operating Decisions
These types of decision making are those which are taken by lower management to execute policy decisions. Operating decisions relate mostly to the decision marker’s work and behavior while policy decisions influence work or behavior patterns of subordinates.
8: Administrative decisions
These types of decisionmaking are made by middle management and are less important than policy decisions. The size of the advertising budget is a policy decision but the selection of media would be an example of an administrative decision. These decisions are mostly related.
Knowing these types of decision making and their vital importance will assist you in running a successful business.